The Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) marks the end of Ramadan, celebrated upon the sighting of the new moon. It is one of the two Eid festivals in the Islamic year (the other being Eid ul-Adha). The Prophet Muhammad celebrated the first Eid with his companions after a victory in the Battle of Badr.
It’s also referred to as the Little or Small Bayram (which originates from Turkish), or the “Little” or “Small Feast”.
This holiday follows the month of Ramadan, falling on the first day of Shawwal (the tenth month in the Islamic calendar). As with all months in the Islamic calendar, it begins with the sighting of the new moon. For this reason there may be regional differences in the exact date of Eid, with some Muslims fasting for 29 days and some for 30 days.
Eid ul-Fitr commemorates the end of the month of Ramadan. Fasting is forbidden on this day as it marks the end of the month-long fast of Ramadan. A Muslim is encouraged to rise early and partake of some dates or a light, sweet snack, significant because for the past 30 days they have abstained from all food and drink from dawn till dusk. It may come as a surprise to many non-Muslims, but many people feel a sense of loss or sadness at the passing of Ramadan.
Still, after the purification of Ramdan, this is a time for extended families and communities to get together and it is one of the biggest feasts in the muslim calendar.More..